100 Amazon and Marketing Terms Every Amazon Seller Should Know 

100 terms every Amazon seller should know

Selling and marketing on Amazon involves dozens of moving pieces. To help with this problem, we’ve compiled a list of 100 terms every Amazon seller should know, including terms related to digital marketing, logistics, finances, and the fundamentals. For ease of use, the terms are listed in alphabetical order. 

Also check out our list of 20 Terms Every Walmart Seller Should Know.

1. A9 Algorithm: Amazon’s proprietary search engine algorithm for determining search results on Amazon.com. 

2. A/B Testing (Split Testing or Bucket Testing): An online marketing strategy used to see which of two versions of marketing collateral yields the best results. The difference between the two versions is typically limited to a single element, such as the subject line of an email, so that testers can confidently attribute differences in performance to the changed element.  

3. Ad Management Software: Software used to streamline management of Amazon ads, typically by improving data visibility, the user interface, and automation. In the case of Amazon, most ad management software is for pay-per-click (PPC) ad types, such as Sponsored Product Ads. 
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4. Advertising Cost of Sale (ACoS): The cost of ad divided by the sale. For example, if a product costs $10 and it takes $1 worth of ad spend to generate a sale, the ACoS would be $1 divided by $10, or 10%. ACoS is often used to assess the efficiency of advertising campaigns on Amazon. 

5. Amazon A+ Content: An extra feature for product detail pages available to brands that are enrolled in Amazon Brand Registry. This feature allows brands to add additional copy and images below the bullet points in a product detail page. Amazon claims they increase conversion rates by up to 10%.  
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6. Amazon Ad Groups: On Amazon, Ad Groups are a subsection within a sponsored ads campaign that contain ads, targets, and a default bid. Ad Groups can contain a single ad or multiple ads grouped by like products, brands, or campaign goals. Targets can be either keywords, ASINs, or categories. Ad Groups are available for Sponsored Product and Sponsored Display campaigns. 

7. Amazon Attribution: An Amazon service that allows sellers to measure the impact of different sales channels, such as email, video ads, and display ads, by creating unique URLs that enable attribution tracking. The Attribution dashboard in Seller Central allows users to see conversion metrics, such as “page views, “add to cart, and “purchases. 
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8. Amazon Best DealsOne of several types of promotions that sellers can run on Amazon where a product is offered with a 15% discount over a 2-week period. During the deal, the product is featured on the Today’s Deals page. The product must have an average rating of at least 3.5 stars and selling price of at least $10. 
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9. Amazon Brand Gating: An invite-only Amazon program that allows manufacturers and private label sellers to control who can resell their products. This program helps prevent unauthorized third-party sellers from listing products. 
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10. Amazon Brand Registry: An Amazon program that enables brands to gain additional protections and access to additional marketing services. Enrollment in Brand Registry is free, but requires a trademark registration number. Brand Registry provides access to Amazon’s infringement reporting tool, brand stores, A+ Content, Sponsored Display Ads, Sponsored Brand Videos, and more. 
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11. Amazon Brand Store: curated digital storefront on Amazon where brands can list their entire Amazon catalog in a convenient and branded experience. This feature is available only to brands enrolled in Amazon Brand Registry.
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12. Amazon Buy Box: The top right section on the product page where consumers can add items to their carts. The Buy Box is awarded by Amazon to sellers based on product price, availability, seller performance, and whether the product is offered with FBA or Prime shipping.
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13. Amazon CouponsAdvertisers can enroll up to 50 ASINs into a single coupon and offer either a dollar amount or percentage off. The coupon cost to the advertiser will equal the discount + $0.60, both of which are subtracted from the coupon budget. Each coupon must have a minimum of $100 for the budget, however, advertisers will be charged only for redeemed coupons. 
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14. Amazon Damage Allowance: To cover the cost of handling and disposal of damages, Amazon charges vendors a damage allowance. Vendors can choose not to agree to this damage allowance, but they then must fund the cost of returning the item themselves. 

15. Amazon Early Reviewer Program: The Early Reviewer Program is an Amazon-run initiative that can generate up to five new reviews on a selected product. Amazon randomly contacts verified buyers of an enrolled product and offers the customer an incentive to leave a review within the specified offer period. Amazon offers the buyer a small Amazon account credit (typically $1-$3) that can be used on future Amazon purchases. To qualify for the program, products must have a price point of at least $15 and fewer than five reviews. The product can remain in the program up to one year or until it receives five new reviews, whichever comes first. 
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16. Amazon Enhanced Brand Content: A feature offered to Amazon’s vendors and Brand Registered brands that allows them to add additional information to their product detail page. This extra real estate appears below the bullet points on a product detail page. 
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17. Amazon Headline Search Ads: Renamed to Sponsored Brand Ads, this ad type displays a banner ad at the top of the search results page. The banner ad contains a brand image and features up to three products. This ad type is typically best suited for generating brand awareness. 
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18. Amazon Lightning DealsDeals that run for several hours on and appear on the Today’s Deal page. This deal type offers a limited quantity of units determined by the seller. To be eligible, the brand must have a proven track record of selling well, a minimum 20% discount off the lowest price in the trailing 30 day price or lowest price YTD (whichever is lowest), sales history, and a 3star rating or higher. 
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19. Amazon Live: Through Amazons app, Amazon Live Creator, sellers can broadcast livestreams where they demonstrate products usage, features, and benefitsFeatured products appear directly below the live broadcast.
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20. Amazon MarketingMarketing services that are available on the Amazon platform, including Sponsored Product Ads, Sponsored Brand Ads, Sponsored Display Ads, Sponsored Brand Videos, Amazon Coupons, Deals, Amazon Live, Amazon Posts, DSP, Brand Stores, A+ Content, and more. Amazon continuously adds and retires marketing services. 
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21. Amazon Product Categories: Amazon groups products by specific categories and has different selling requirements for each. These requirements can include additional fees, performance checks, and other qualifications. An example of a product category is “Apparel, which includes Outerwear, Athletic Wear, Innerwear, Belts, and Wallets. 

22. Amazon Prime Exclusive Discounts: A price discount exclusively for Amazon Prime members. Products with Prime Discounts display strike-through pricing. To be eligible for this promotion, a product must be Nationally Prime Shipping Eligible, have a rating of 3.5 stars or above or no reviews, offer 20% off current price, the discount must beat the lowest price offered for the ASIN in past 30 Days by 5%, and the seller must have at least a 4-star seller rating. 

23. Amazon Seller Central: An Amazon platform used by Amazon sellers to market and sell products to Amazon customers.  

24. Amazon Sponsored Brand Ads: Formerly called Headline Search Ads, this ad type displays a banner ad at the top of the search results page. The banner ad contains a brand image and features up to three products. This ad type is typically best suited for generating brand awareness. 
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25. Amazon Sponsored Brand Videos: An Amazon ad type that displays a video on the Amazon home page and in the search results. The videos display on mobile and desktop. Amazon recommends including subtitles in the video. 
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26. Amazon Sponsored Display Ads: Pay-per-click (PPC) ads on Amazon and Amazon-owned websites and apps that target shoppers by searches, views, purchases, or products. 
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27. Amazon Sponsored Product Ads: Pay-per-click (PPC) ads that appear in strategic areas on Amazon, such as the top of the search results page and within a product detail page. These ads give brands products more visibility and increase the likelihood of purchase by consumers.
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28. Amazon Spotlight Deals: Deals that run for 24 hours on the Amazon Today’s Deals page or until stock runs out. These Deals are subject to minimum revenue and units sold thresholds. Criteria for Spotlight Deals include whether the item is Top Selling Product, the lowest price trailing 365 days, and a 4-star rating. 

29. Amazon Standard Identification Numbers (ASINs): A unique alphanumeric code for a product listed on Amazon. The ASIN can typically be found in the URL of an Amazon product detail page and in the further details section of the product detail page. 

30. Amazon Vendor Central: The Amazon platform used by manufacturers and distributors to sell product directly to Amazon’s first-party (1P) retail division, Amazon Retail. 
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31. Amazon Vine: An invite-only program for Amazon customers who regularly leave reviews marked helpful by other customers. These customers are deemed trusted reviewers and gain access to free products, for which they provide customer reviews. These reviews are identifiable by a green stripe and labelled with Amazon Vine Program. 

32. Amazon Web Services (AWS): Amazons cloud computing platform that offers services such as infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and packaged software as a service (SaaS). AWS also offers solutions for database storage, compute power tools, and content delivery services. 

33. AutomatiCampaignsA campaign type within Sponsored Products in which the advertiser sets a default bid at the Ad Group level and Amazon places ads automatically for customer search queries it deems to be relevant. These are commonly used to find new keywords that Amazon’s algorithm views as relevant for the products being advertised. 

34. Average Order Value: The average amount a customer spends at a digital storefront in a single order. You calculate this by dividing sales revenue by the number of orders taken. 

35. Average Time on Site: The average amount of time a visitor spends on a website. Usually defined within a specific timeframe. 

36. Bid: The maximum amount an advertiser is willing to pay in order to get an ad to place for a specific search term. 

37. Bid OptimizationThe act of adjusting the bid for keywords in Amazon ad campaigns in order to improve performance. Bids may either be increased because ads are not competitive enough for important keywords, or they be can be decreased because ads are utilizing budget too quickly. 
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38. Brand Awareness: The degree of consumer recognition of a brand based on the brands copy, colors, logo, products, qualities, and style. 

39. Business to Business (B2B): A transaction in which a business sells products or services to other businesses. 

40. Business to Consumer (B2C): A transaction in which a business sells products or services to an end consumer. 

41. Call to Action (CTA): The action that marketing materials are trying to encourage the audience to take, such as “subscribe,” “add to cart,” or “sign up.” 

42. Certified Service Providers (CSP): A person or organization that is certified under the Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement to perform sellers sales and use tax duties (excluding the obligation to remit tax on its own purchases).  
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43. Chargebacks: When a customer contacts their bank about a charge they don’t recognize or dispute, rather than contacting Amazon or the seller about the issue. 

44. Click-ThroughRate (CTR): The percentage of visitors on a page who first view then click on an advertisement. 

45. CopywritingThe writing of marketing, advertising, and promotional materials. 
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46. Conversion Rate: The percentage of visitors to a page who take a desired action, usually in the form of purchases.  

47. Cost of Labor: The sum of employee wages that have been paid. This also includes employee benefits and payroll taxes.  

48. Cost-per-ClickA method of billing determined by the number of times a visitor clicks on an advertisement. This is Amazon advertising’s primary billing model. 

49. Demand Side Platform (DSP): Amazon’s advertising platform that enables advertisers to use Amazon’s consumer data to target shoppers on Amazon and Amazon-owned websites and apps with display and video ads. 
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50. Dropshipping: A method of retail fulfillment where the seller does not keep product in stock. Instead, the seller waits until a consumer purchases the product online, then the seller buys the product from the manufacturer and has the product shipped directly from the manufacturer to the consumer. This method is often used for products not eligible for preferred fulfillment methods, like FBA. 
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51. Discount Code (Coupon Code or Promo Code): A code that shoppers use during checkout to redeem special offers or discounts. 

52. First-Party Seller: A seller who owns the marketplace upon which they sell. Amazon Retail, for example, is the one and only first-party seller on Amazon.com.  
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53. Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA): An Amazon service in which third-party vendors keep their product at an Amazon fulfillment center. Amazon will pick, sort, pack, ship, track, and handle shipping, returns, and refunds of these products for a fee. 

54. Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) Fees: A fee charged by Amazon for each unit processed through FBA. The fee is based on the product’s size and weight. 

55. Fulfillment by Amazon (FBA) Storage Fees: A fee charged by Amazon for your inventory that occupies space in an Amazon Fulfillment Center. This fee is based on the daily average volume (in cubic feet). 

56. Fulfilled by Merchant (FBM): A fulfillment method where the seller manages and controls their handling and shipping process, as opposed to Amazon or a third-party logistics provider 

57. Fulfillment Centers: A physical location where third-party logistics (3PL) providers, like Amazon Fulfillment, fulfill customer orders for online sales. 

58. Gross Margin: The revenue a business retains after subtracting costs, calculated by subtracting cost of goods sold from net sales revenue. The higher the gross margin, the more working capital a company has.  

59. High-Converting KeywordsKeywords in a pay-per-click (PPC) advertising campaign that drive high conversion rates. Identifying these keywords and adding them to sponsored ad campaigns is an essential part of optimizing an ad campaign. 

60. Influencer MarketingThe promotion and selling of products or services by having people with social influence and followings promote the product on their social media accounts. 
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61. Invoice: An itemized record of a transaction between a seller and a buyer. 

62. Key Performance Indicators (KPIs): Metrics that are actively tracked in order to gauge a company’s long-term overall performance. These are usually set to compare the company’s performance to other companies within the same sector and to previous years’ performances. 

63. KeywordsWords or phrases that shoppers frequently use when searching for a given product. Including keywords in the copy on the product detail page or in Amazon sponsored ad campaigns helps products place higher in the search results and drive more traffic to listings. 

64. Landing Page: A webpage created solely for an advertising campaign. It is where visitors “land” after clicking on an ad or a link. 

65. Listing OptimizationThe process of revising the copy and images on a product detail page in order to improve organic placement in the search results and conversion rates. This process often includes adding keywords to the listing title and bullet points, revising copy to improve readability and highlight key features, and including images that demonstrate product use, features, and benefits. 
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66. Low-Converting Keywords: Keywords that drive particularly low conversion rates within a pay-per-click (PPC) advertising campaign. Identifying and negating these keywords is an essential step in improving the efficiency and performance of a sponsored ad campaign. 

67. Minimum Advertising Price (MAP)The minimum price for which sellers can advertise a product, typically issued by the manufacturer. 

68. Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ): The minimum number of products or units that a supplier will produce at one time. This number helps ensure that the supplier is producing enough products or units to drive a profit after the costs of production. 

69. Marketing Campaign Management: The planning, executing, tracking, and analysis of marketing campaigns from the beginning to the end. 
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70. Marketing Co-opAn agreement between a manufacturer and a seller where the manufacturer pays for a portion or the entirety of paid marketing efforts for their product. 

71. Marketplace Facilitator: Businesses or organizations that arrange with third parties to sell products and services on its platform. Through this they can facilitate retail sales. 
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72. Marketplace Facilitator Laws: Legislation around sales tax responsibilities of Marketplace Facilitators. 
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73. Manufacturing Cost: The cost of materials and production borne by the manufacturer. 

74. Media GalleryThe section at the top of an Amazon product detail page containing images and videos. 
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75. Net Profit Margin: The percentage of revenue that a company retains as profit after subtracting all costs. 

76. Net-TermsThe amount of time that passes between a seller acquiring inventory from a manufacturer and the seller paying the manufacturer for that inventory. This delayed payment enables sellers to generate revenue to help pay for the purchase order.  

77. Paid SocialPaid targeted advertisements run on social media platforms, such as Facebook and Instagram. 
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78. Pay-per-Click (PPC): type of digital marketing in which marketers pay a specific amount each time their ads are clicked. This model is used in most types of Amazon ads. 

79. Purchase Order (PO): The order a retailer places with a vendor to acquire product. This includes the quantity of product ordered and the price paid for it. 

80. Product DescriptionA section near the bottom of the Amazon product detail page where additional product information can be shared. 

81. Product Detail Page: Also called a “listing,” the page featuring a specific product that includes a title, bullet points, product description, media gallery, enhanced brand content, and customer reviews. 
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82. Product Profit Margin: The difference between how much the product sells for and the actual cost of the product itself. This is sometimes referred to as a “markup. 

83. Product Rank: A product’s rank compared to other products in each category as determined by Amazon’s algorithm. A lower rank is better, indicating higher customer reviews, more traffic, more sales, and better organic placement on the search results page. 

84. Production Costs: The cost for manufacturing products or services. These can include labor, raw materials, supplies, delivery costs, and general overhead. 

85. Retail Arbitrage: The practice of buying products from distributors, wholesalers, retailers, and so on, then reselling those products at higher price. The resale usually takes place online. 
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86. Retail Price: The price of product when sold to an end consumer. 

87. Return On Advertising Spend (ROAS): A measurement of the effectiveness of a digital advertising campaign. Very similar to ROI, this metric is specifically for paid advertising campaigns and helps online business determine best methods and improvements for future digital advertising campaigns. 

88. Return-On-Investment (ROI): A comparison of the amount invested to the amount generated by that investment. ROI is frequently used when measuring the value of paid marketing in generating overall revenue. To calculate ROI, divide the amount generated by the cost of the investment.  
89. Sales Tax: A tax on a sale, transfer, or exchange of a product or service. Usually this tax is applied to the end consumer and not the seller. 

90. Search Engine Optimization (SEO)The science of making web pages more attractive to search engines by implementing highly searched keywords in a page’s frontend content and meta content, optimizing content length, and more. On Amazon, SEO typically involves implementing keywords into product detail pages to improve their organic placement on the search results page. 
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91. Search Engine Results Page (SERP): The page that is generated from a system after the user inputs their query. An example of SERP would be the Google results page. 

92. Seller AgreementA contract signed by businesses that sell on Amazon wherein they agree to comply with all of Amazon’s policies.

93. Social Media MarketingA type of marketing conducted on social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest, Snapchat, and more. This marketing typically seeks to connect brands with their target audience, build brand name recognition and loyalty, increase sales, and drive website traffic. Social Media Marketing often involves content creation, engagement with followers, analysis, and running paid social media advertisements.  
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94. South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc.A landmark supreme court decision that holds sellers responsible for collecting and remitting sales tax in any state where they surpass a certain sales threshold, even if the business lacks a physical presence in the state. 
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95. ThirdParty Seller(s): An independent company that sells products on a marketplace they do not own, such as Amazon. Third-party sellers are common on Amazon, accounting for over 50% of all sales on Amazon.com. 
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96. Third-Party Logistics Providers: business that provides services for inventory management, distribution, warehouse storage, product preparation, labelling, and fulfillment for other companies. 
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97. Today’s Deals: A page on Amazon that features products currently running Deal of the Day, Lightning Deals, or Best Deals. This is the second most visited page on Amazon. 
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98. Use Tax: A tax on a storage, use, or consumption of a product or service which has not had sales tax applied to it. 

99. Vendor Fees: A fee collected by vendors to cover the cost of processing sales taxes and transferring them to state and local governments. 
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100. Wholesale Costs: The price of products purchased in bulk from the manufacturer, as opposed to the retail price, which is an increased price charged to end consumers commonly used by retailers/resellers. 

Michael Janney